Determinants Of Kenyan Foreign Policy. Kenya appears to be at a crossroad when it comes to the questions of politics and policy. It displays both modernity and backwardness in equal measure. For instance, mobilization for elections remains largely ethnic, and in the last resulted in the victory of a coalition of two tribes, displaying democracy African states' foreign policies are influenced mainly by the global political economy. The overall objective of the study was to examine the determinants of foreign policy formulation in developing countries in relevance to Kenya. Specifically the study aimed; to assess the role of stakeholders in ensuring successful foreign policy. Kenya's Foreign Policy is driven by a Vision of 'A peaceful, prosperous and globally competitive Kenya' while the Mission is To project, promote and protect Kenya's interests and image globally through innovative diplomacy, and contribute towards a just, peaceful and equitable world increase. This study examines the determinants of Kenya's national security policy since independence. The scope covers a historical background of the main issues that influence Kenya's security, the national security policy formulation process and an assessment of the impact of the various national security policy choices
1.2 Determinants of FDI in Kenya There is a lot of literature written on determinants of FDI in Africa; however the present study focuses on the extent to which a combination of institutional policy and traditional determinants of FDI determine growth of FDI in the manufacturing sector of the Kenyan economy . This self-interest could be grouped into three main categories:- 1.Security/Political. Peace and stability are a pre-requisite to social and economic development. The governments commitment to guarantee the security of its people, and the. FDI. The determinants of foreign direct investments have become an important topic not only for the governments, policy makers but also for academic research. This study intended to examine the determinants of multinational corporations‟ investment in Kenya. The study was designed as a descriptive survey of MNCs in Kenya. The targe
. They examine domestic political currents, demographic trends, changing economic prospects, and domestic institutional and personal factors influencing foreign policy on each side of the Atlantic The determinants of foreign policy are many. Specific factors may play a key role in determining the foreign policy of a particular state. But this does not mean that a single entity can become a determinant of foreign policy. In fact, more than one element is spread over foreign policy. Some of them can be considered primary and some can be.
CHAPTER V: RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION IntroductionThis research project has been done with and objective to examine how different political parties have influenced Kenya's foreign Economic policy. To examine Kenya's -Chinese Economic diplomacy since 1990 to 2015. To examine the determinants of Foreign Policy in propagation of national interest Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries ASARC WP 2010/13 3 predicted. As a result, empirical findings on the determinants of FDI are quite chaotic and misleading sometimes. This necessitates undertaking more and more empirical study with well defined variables and new data sets to clearly understand the determinants of.
square (OLS) estimation technique has been used to analyze the relationship between foreign direct investment and its determinants with the help of the E-views 7.1 software. The result shows that the market size, infrastructure development and natural resources availability are the major determinants of foreign direct investment inflow to Tanzania The main purpose of this study is to examine the main determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into a host country. The study uses multiple regressions represented by ordinary least square (OLS) to examine the relationships between inward FDI and the proposed explanatory variables that are anticipated to determine FDI inflows into Bahrain Four studies in the supplement focus on income or social status as a social determinant of health or examine a policy intervention. Fox 18 investigates the social determinants of HIV serostatus in sub-Saharan Africa, and describes an inverse relationship between poverty and acquisition of HIV. The author reviews the literature on the positive.
any foreign policy objective. The study examines the role of Julius Kambarage Nyerere in the decision making process of Tanzania foreign policy towards the East African region. Primarily, it is a descriptive analysis of individual influence in decision making process of foreign policy determinants of exploitation of kenya's blue economy among policy actors in kenya: a case study of the state department of maritime and shipping affairs more by Thuo Kinyua The ever-dynamic field of policy is rapidly changing with the emergence of new phenomenon and concepts that ultimately influence how public policy is articulated, formulated. Abstract. This paper examines in a comparative context the determinants of foreign direct investment in Kenya and Malaysia as well as its impact on economic growth in order to inform policy debates. Kenya in the recent past has committed itself to emulating the development experiences of Malaysia in order to inform its industrialization efforts
Vision 2030 and National Trade Policy of 2014 envisions Kenya to be globally competitive in the trading sector. Kenya's main agenda for these policies was to become a approach which has been used extensively to examine the Macro-Economic Determinants of Kenya's Trade Balance. This paper uses a panel approach to examine the determinants of foreign aid. It examines the extent to which taxes on international trade and the scope of government activities, ethnicity, private credit, and education determine foreign aid. The paper specifies and estimates a model that explains the allocation of foreign aid among 151 countries over the period 1975 to 1998 In Kenya, few studies exist that examine the determinants of interest rate spreads. Beck et al. (2010) examine developments in Kenya's financial sector with a specific focus on stability, efficiency and outreach, and use interest rate spreads as a proxy for the efficiency of financial intermediation view his 421.docx from edu 212 at tyumen state oil and gas university. page |1 ed/212/16 moi university main campus school of education department of history, political science an
Limited research has been done to examine determinants of effective provision of guidance and counselling programmes in public secondary schools in Kenya. The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of effective guidance and counselling programmes in public secondary schools in Kericho Sub-County, Kericho County Studies on African foreign policies, and the process involved with their formation, have received much less attention compared to other aspects of African studies. Most have been in-depth case studies illustrating how foreign policy decisions are centered on common concerns for the region, such as decolonization, nation building, economic and political autonomy, and Cold War competition There are many factors which can affect a country foreign policy. The foreign policy expert gives due recognition while framing the foreign policy. Following are the factors Religion: religion plays an important role. A country which belongs to wh..
Increase in foreign capital, in turn, leads to an appreciation in the value of its domestic currency. A country with sound financial and trade policy does not give any room for uncertainty in value of its currency. But, a country prone to political confusions may see a depreciation in exchange rates. 7. Recessio Determinants of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate and its Misalignment in Kenya: A Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rate Approach Kiptui, Moses C. and Ndirangu, Lydia Kenya School of Monetary Studies July 2015 Online at https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/70542/ MPRA Paper No. 70542, posted 08 Apr 2016 05:22 UT
of macroeconomic variables. The parallel foreign exchange market arises as a direct consequence of the adoption of exchange rate controls in many developing economies facing substantial macroeconomic imbalances. I attempt to (1) find out the determinants of the parallel premium based on a stock-flow model. (2) examine the impact of th In Kenya, the factors are operating costs, NPLs, inflation, interest caps, and liquidity level ( Central Bank of Kenya, 2018). 6. Conclusion and Policy Implications. This study attempts to investigate the determinants of bank lending interest rates in Tanzania, largely targeting to ascertain the key determinants together with their relative.
Power imbalances are a key driver of avoidable, unfair and unjust differences in health. Devolution shifts the balance of power in health systems. Intersectionality approaches can provide a 'lens' for analysing how power relations contribute to complex and multiple forms of health advantage and disadvantage. These approaches have not to date been widely used to analyse health systems reforms Foreign Policies are designed with the aim of achieving complex domestic and international agendas. It usually involves an elaborate series of steps, in which domestic politics plays an important role. Additionally, the head of the government in most cases is not an individual actor. Foreign Policy decisions are usually collective and/or influenced by others in the political system
'National Interest' is a key concept in International Relations. All the nations are always engaged in the process of fulfilling or securing the goals of their national interests. The foreign policy of each nation is formulated on the basis of its national interest and it is always at work for securing its goals , this study attempts to examine the determinants of exports of Pakistan, using a time series data over the period 1975-2008
This paper investigated the key determinants of FDI in the Nigerian telecommunication sector. The study made use of data from 1986 to 2014. Annual data on infrastructure, government expenditure, trade openness and market size, were sourced from the World Development Indicators (WDI) of the World Bank. FDI flow into telecommunication sector, foreign exchange rate, interest rate and inflation. On the basis of the findings it was recommended that, policy distance from homesteads to water sources are major determinants of domestic water demand. survey the trend of Kenya's foreign aid relations, and examine possible links between China-Kenya foreign aid relations and.
foreign aid improves the efficiency of resource use in a country in the short term. Another is to investigate the feasibility of using the specific production theory context when examining aid effectiveness. This should be seen as the first step towards find-ing a method for policy makers to assess the overall impact of aid on development i foreign direct investment and its determinants. The results reveal that the market size of the host country, deregulation, political instability, and exchange rate depreciation are the main determinants of foreign direct investment in Nigeria. The authors recommend the following policies among others of the existing literature on the impacts of foreign aid, the determinants of inequality, and the interaction between the two. Then follows a discussion in section 3 about the data to be used, our hypothesis (section 4), methods (section 5), results (section 6), and discussion of findings and policy implications (section 7) US policy towards South Asia (1947-2015) us foreign policy towards south asia contents description of south asian region (sar) determinants of us foreign policy
Recent scholarship has increasingly identified global power asymmetries as the root cause of health inequities. This article examines how such asymmetries manifest in global governance for health, and how this impacts health outcomes. We focus on the political-economic determinants of global health inequities, and how these determinants operate at different levels of social action (micro, meso. Here, I explicitly examine how structure and agency influence the nature of foreign policy-making, by focusing on the qualitative differences between the two types. 4 I then briefly examine how foreign policy types change, before concluding with remarks on the value of an ideal typology of foreign policy for FPA's middle-range theorizing Also in another study, Kinuthia (2013) examined the determinants of external debt in Kenya for the period from 1975 to 2011. Empirical results revealed that Kenya's social sector spending is a major factor determining external debt in Kenya. The author also noted that costs of borrowing are very high both in the short run and long run in Kenya This study highlights drought characteristics and the many responses to drought stresses employed by Turkana pastoralists of northwestern Kenya. Multiple data sources, including socioeconomic interviews with 302 households, focus group discussions, and informal interviews with pastoralists were used to capture various aspects of drought and drought adaptation and coping practices examine the determinants of logistics function outsourcing in Pharmaceutical Companies in Kenya. The specific objectives of this study were; to examine the effect of performance metrics and suppliers competence on logistics function outsourcing in Pharmaceutical Companies in Kenya. Research questions i
This study examines the effect of mobile technologies on the choice of self-employment in Kenya. The study used the 2016 household FinAccess retail survey data, which was collected using stratified multi-stage sampling to ensure representativeness at the national, regional, and residence (urban vs rural) levels. A probit model was used to analyse the data Foreign policy is the way in which states articulate their interests towards foreign actors. The effectiveness of the articulation rests on the relative level of power that a state has. To appreciate the complexity of the interplay that takes place within the international arena, this essay will follow, to a certain extent, J. Nye's analysis. It reveals that bank size, liquidity, and capitalization were significant determinants of loan supply during this period. Furthermore, the study of Ebire and Ogunyinka (2018) examine determinants of demand and supply of bank loans in Nigeria for the period 2002 Q1-2017 Q1. On the demand side, the study shows that real GDP and lending rate.
examining three cases, namely: Kenya's role and place in the East African Community (EAC); and its relations with its neighbours-Sudan in the north and Somalia in the north east. A key assertion is that Kenya's foremost foreign policy objective is the pursuit of a national interest whose central feature Examine policy options for the same. (Solved) What factors hinder Kenya's level of attainment of sustainable development goals? Examine policy options for the same. Date posted: May 1, 2018. Answers (1) Discuss Kenya's level of attainment of sustainable development goals (Solved) Discuss Kenya's level of attainment of sustainable development goals
exchange risk on the payables and receipts in foreign currencies. Evan et al (1985) defines foreign exchange risk management as a program of assessment (identification and quantification) and counterstrategies to mitigate exchange rate risk and saves firm`s economic value. Kirt further adds foreign exchange risk is a financial risk t An econometric model will be developed to examine the relationship FDI has with Kenya's Economy. The variables to be used will include the country's gross domestic product (GDP), exchange rate, Gross capital formation, government expenditure, inflation, exchange rate, and foreign direct investment (FDI) The scope of the study will be Kenya's economic interests in Southern Sudan. The research will examine Kenya's policy towards its north-western neighbour. It will also examine Southern Sudan economic policy towards Kenya. The major expected limitation of the study is the nature of investigation in political science Kenya (FSD Kenya) in 2006 and 2009. The time dimension of our data allows us to exploit within-district variation in the access to banking services and a shift in the branching policy of Equity Bank. Specifically, we show that between 200
resources (HCR), and the inward flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) can affect economic growth. Using panel econometric methods, we investigate and obtain the results highlight the importance of the main determinants in the East Africa economic growth from the year 1975-2019. Thus the long-run estimation empirical results obtained b What determinants affect remittance trends and patterns in Ethiopia. Migration by its nature has negative impacts to the emigrant countries through brain drain especially to the developing one. (HDR, 2009) states that mobility of skilled human power harms the economy of the origin country especially for small states and poor countries The size of non-performing loans (NPLs) plays a key role in the stability of the banking sector of a country. The factors that explain the NPLs contain very important information for banks. Studies in this regard with respect to developing states such as Pakistan have received little attention. This study aimed to scrutinize the determinants of NPLs observing a case of the banking sector in. The foreign policy of an independent Uganda will similarly be subjected to the influence of these forces, and the purpose of this article is to try and examine the nature of, and the extent to which, the ECONOMIC force is likely to influence her foreign policy. The task facing the country In endeavouring to discuss this rather comple There is need to examine the determinants of food and non-food inflation or underlying or headline inflation; Institutional and structural rigidities should be considered in modelling; The finding for Kenya that an increase in output leads to higher inflation and an increase in world price leads to lower inflation and thereby suggesting that.
factors affecting foreign Direct Investment decisions among International companies investing in Kenya. Most of FDI in Kenya is export oriented and market seeking. The most important FDI determinants are market size in Kenya as well as within the region, political and economic stability in both Kenya and its neighbours and bilateral trade. revenue to gross domestic product (GDP) is declining and countries constantly rely on foreign capital inflow as a major source of the government budget. Thus, equally tax revenue is key for economic development, the study thought to empirically examine the key determinants of tax revenue in Eas This paper examines 70 eonomic and non-economic determinants of corruption. Using Factor Analysis technique, we generate ﬁve new indexes on the basis of these determi-nants. Using Extreme Bound Analysis we examine the robustness of the determinants as well as the new indexes. We ﬁnd that one of the generated-indexes, namely regula
In this paper, we provide evidence on the determinants of the activities of German multinational firms by using a newly available firm-level data set from the Deutsche Bundesbank. The specific goal of this paper is to demonstrate the relative role of country-level and firm-level determinants of foreign direct investment Foreign firms in Kenya have played a major role in enhancing economic growth in the agriculture sector, especially in floriculture and horticulture. Over a long period of time, foreign direct investment (FDI) has been found to create many externalities in the Kenyan economy in the form of benefits available through transfers of general knowledge, specific technologies in production and. 1.2. Debates on Foreign Aid Impact on Economic Growth. Critics of foreign aid maintain that foreign aid discourages domestic saving and domestic tax revenue in developing countries and is simply diverted into consumption instead of investment. The same in Ethiopia as other developing countries (NBE, 2018) (Masha 2016). Nonetheless, few studies examine how mobile money affects monetary aggregates and private sector credit, focusing instead on velocity of money, money demand, and the effectiveness of monetary policy in developing economies. This study examines how mobile money services influence private sector credit growth, and it Financial.