Peripheral vascular System diseases

NuroSerine, specially formulated for diabetics. No prescription needed, No side effect. Promotes restoring sensation to extremities, increase nerve activity and blood circulatio Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a slow and progressive circulation disorder. Narrowing, blockage, or spasms in a blood vessel can cause PVD. PVD may affect any blood vessel outside of the heart including the arteries, veins, or lymphatic vessels

Recommended By Doctors · Featured In WebMD · 24 Hour Live Suppor

  1. Peripheral artery disease (also called peripheral arterial disease) is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs. When you develop peripheral artery disease (PAD), your legs or arms — usually your legs — don't receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand
  2. When the problem is in the blood vessels that carry blood to any part of the body other than the heart, it is called peripheral vascular disease (PVD). You can learn more about types of PVD by clicking on the following links: Blockages in the arteries leading to the legs (PAD) Blockages in the artery leading to the brain (stroke
  3. What is peripheral vascular disease? Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a blood circulation disorder that causes the blood vessels outside of your heart and brain to narrow, block, or spasm. This..

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD - also known as Peripheral Vascular Disease or PVD) results from a progressive thickening of an artery's lining caused by a buildup of plaque, which narrows or blocks blood flow, reducing circulation of the blood to a specific organ or region of the body Veins return blood back to the heart. Vascular Disease includes any condition that affects your circulatory system, such as peripheral artery disease. This ranges from diseases of your arteries, veins and lymph vessels to blood disorders that affect circulation. The following are conditions that fall under the category of Vascular Disease A vascular disease is a condition that affects the arteries and veins. Most often, vascular disease affects blood flow, either by blocking or weakening blood vessels, or by damaging the valves that are found in veins. Organs and other body structures may be damaged by vascular disease as a result of decreased or completely blocked blood flow Date: 2021-1-4 | Size: 30.5Mb. For example, vascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke and microvascular disease are more often found in the aged population. This is in part due to the structural and functional changes that occur in the vascular system of aged people..

Vascular diseases are problems related to the flow of blood. These blood supply or vascular diseases are less common in the upper extremities (arms) than in the lower extremities (legs). They still affect about 10% of people. They can cause problems such as pain, open wounds, slow healing of injuries or even loss of body parts Peripheral nervous system disorders are often suspected based on clinical findings (eg, stocking-glove distribution, hyporeflexia, distal muscle weakness and wasting, localization to a peripheral nerve distribution). If patients have profound motor weakness with minimal atrophy and areflexia, consider acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy

Home Remedies For Neuropathy - That's neuropath

Effective New Way to Control - Relief the Natural Wa

  1. Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). PAD is caused by a chronic narrowing or blockage in the arteries and can lead to several problems, including cramps, pain, sores, skin-color changes and ulcers. In the most severe cases, called critical limb ischemia (CLI), amputation may be needed. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PCS)
  2. Peripheral vascular disease is the reduced circulation of blood to a body part other than the brain or heart. It is caused by a narrowed or blocked blood vessel. The main cause is atherosclerosis, which is the build-up of fatty deposits that narrow a blood vessel, usually an artery
  3. Diagnosis. Some of the tests your doctor may rely on to diagnose peripheral artery disease are: Physical exam. Your doctor may find signs of PAD during a physical exam, such as a weak or absent pulse below a narrowed area of your artery, whooshing sounds over your arteries that can be heard with a stethoscope, evidence of poor wound healing in the area where your blood flow is restricted, and.
  4. Peripheral artery disease narrows arteries in your legs, limiting blood flow. Are you one of the 8 million Americans affected by PAD? Learn more about PAD causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
  5. Peripheral Arterial Disease Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) occurs when atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, causes a buildup of plaque in the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to all the tissues of the body

Peripheral Vascular Disease Johns Hopkins Medicin

  1. The Prevention, Detection and Treatment of Diseases Affecting the Circulatory and Respiratory System References: Cardiovascular System Disorders, Parts 1 - 5 You can support Campbell Teaching for free if you use the link below to access Amazon
  2. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common condition where a build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries restricts blood supply to leg muscles. It's also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD). Symptoms of peripheral arterial disease Many people with PAD have no symptoms
  3. Vascular refers to the blood vessels, and peripheral means the outer limits or edge of something, which in peripheral vascular disease refers to any vessels that aren't supplying the heart or the brain, like ones in the legs, arms, or other organs. Peripheral vascular disease happens when one of these arteries becomes narrowed, which reduces blood flow; this often affects the limbs
  4. Vascular disease refers to any abnormality in the vascular system that circulates nourishing blood throughout the body through a network of arteries and veins. Varicose veins classify as a vascular disorder because of a weakening of the valves responsible for pumping blood back to the heart after it flows through the extremities
  5. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) nursing review that will cover peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and peripheral venous disease for the NCLEX exam.Periphera..
  6. ated intravascular coagulation - a widespread activation of clotting in the smaller blood vessels. Cerebrovascular disease -a group of vascular diseases that affect brain function
  7. Cardiovascular disease is more than a disease of the heart. It can affect any part of your body that relies on nutrient-rich and oxygenated blood to function. That includes your legs, arms, feet and kidneys. When the problem is in the blood vessels that carry blood to any part of the body other than the heart, it is called peripheral vascular.
Clinical aspects of the nervous system

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) - Symptoms and causes

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the legs or lower extremities is the narrowing or blockage of the vessels that carry blood from the heart to the legs. It is primarily caused by the buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries, which is called atherosclerosis. PAD can happen in any blood vessel, but it is more common in the legs than the arms Cardiovascular Nervous Musculoskeletal Genitourinary Blood What is it? (Provide definition) Any abnormal condition that affects the blood vessels outside the heart. Two types of peripheral vascular disease are arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis. Signs and Symptoms (general Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and brain. While there are many causes of peripheral vascular disease, doctors commonly use the term peripheral vascular disease to refer to peripheral artery disease (peripheral arterial disease, PAD), a condition that develops when the arteries that supply oxygen-rich. Peripheral vascular disease This occurs when blood flow to your limbs is restricted, increasing your risk of heart attack or stroke due to blood clots. A lot of people with this disease have no symptoms , but those who do tend to suffer from pain in the thigh, calf or buttocks while walking or exercising Arterial Versus Venous Vascular Disease. Vascular diseases involve damage to the blood vessels in your feet. The damage reduces blood circulation, and this lowers healing capabilities and general foot health. Your vascular system is responsible for ensuring the proper transport of oxygen, and other nutrients to all parts of your body

NCLEX Exam: Peripheral Vascular Diseases (20 Items) * A nurse has an order to begin administering warfarin sodium (coumadin) to a client. While implementing this order, the nurse ensures that which of the following medications is available on the nursing unit as the antidote for Coumadin? Protamine sulfate. Potassium chloride The peripheral nerves also send sensory information to the central nervous system. Peripheral neuropathy can result from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes and exposure to toxins. One of the most common causes is diabetes. People with peripheral neuropathy generally describe the pain as stabbing, burning or. Vascular system 2: diseases affecting peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The atheroma tends to form at sites where arteries bend, branch off or bifur-cate (for example, where the two common carotid arteries divide into the two internal and external carotid arteries)

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) occurs when a buildup of plaque and other substances blocks or narrows arteries, limiting or halting blood flow. The condition is also called peripheral artery disease (PAD). The same artery blockages that cause PVD make people with the disease four to five times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke After surgery, the patient has to follow a regulated exercise training system that helps them build distance and walk without pain. Exercising regularly helps improves the symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease in several ways, including helping the body utilize oxygen more effectively. The best programs for this ensure the utilization of.

I00-I99 Diseases of the circulatory system I70-I79 Diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries I73- Other peripheral vascular diseases Peripheral vascular disease, resulting in intermittent pain in the legs when walking (claudication) Varicose veins; Aneurysms may develop in one of the major arteries from the heart or in the brain. Aneurysms are an abnormal widening or ballooning of a part of an artery due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel Terms in this set (51) Two types of referral vascular disease. Peripheral arterial disease and peripheral venous disorders. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) Affects the arteries and blood being carried away from the heart. Results from atherosclerosis usually in arteries of the lower extremities. Inadequate flow of blood Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a circulation disorder that affects the arteries that carry blood to the head, organs and limbs. It is typically caused by a buildup of plaque that causes narrowing and blockage. PVD may cause swelling and severe pain in the affected lower extremity, as well as restricted mobility due to pain or discomfort

(The peripheral nervous system is the vast network of nerves that carry messages to and from the central nervous system to the body.) A vasculitis syndrome may begin suddenly or develop over time. Vascular Diseases fact sheet available in multiple languages through MedlinePlus Advanced Vein and Vascular Center 20 April, 2018. Arteries, part of the vascular system, are affected by a range of diseases often originating in atherosclerosis. This article, the second in a three-part series on the vascular system, reviews arterial pathophysiology. Abstract. With its arteries and veins, the vascular system connects the heart with all other organs and tissues.

Peripheral vascular disease is the impediment of blood flow within the peripheral vascular system due to vessel damage, which mainly affects the lower extremities. PVD can be related to an arterial or venous issue. This quiz will test your knowledge on both peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and peripheral venous disease.. Don't forget to watch the lecture on peripheral vascular disease. Peripheral Artery Disease Risk Factors High Blood Pressure. Those with high blood pressure are more likely to develop PAD, along with other cardiovascular diseases like carotid artery disease and coronary artery disease. Blood pressure can be managed through doctor-prescribed medication, exercising regularly and avoiding stress when possible Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the circulatory system, and includes conditions like peripheral artery disease, carotid artery disease, aneurysms and varicose veins. The Nebraska Medicine vascular team is devoted to diagnosing, treating and managing your circulatory system disease with the most advanced medical equipment. This novel thrombectomy system is the latest addition to Philips' market-leading portfolio for the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral vascular diseases, said Chris Landon, Senior Vice President and General Manager Image Guided Therapy Devices at Philips. Its intuitive design simplifies the entire thrombectomy procedure workflow Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Peripheral artery disease, also called peripheral arterial disease, is a common circulatory problem where narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs. When you develop peripheral artery disease (PAD), your extremities — usually your legs — don't receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of blood vessels outside the heart and brain. It's often a narrowing of vessels that carry blood to the legs, arms, stomach or kidneys. OSF HealthCare Cardiovascular Institute focuses on improving quality of life for adults and children with vascular disease In peripheral artery disease (PAD) blockages are present in the arteries that supply blood to the legs, feet, arms, or kidneys.If you have been diagnosed with PAD, there are many ways you can contribute to improving your own health. Talk with your physician about how you can incorporate the suggestions below into your daily life

Peripheral Vascular Disease: How Problems with Arteries

Peripheral artery disease is similar to coronary artery disease (CAD). Peripheral artery disease is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries that carry blood away from the heart to other parts of the body. The most common type is lower-extremity PAD, in which blood flow is reduced to the legs and feet Key Symptoms Of Peripheral Vascular Disease. Peripheral vascular disease is a disorder where an individual's blood circulation is impaired because the blood vessels outside of their brain and heart become increasingly narrowed, experience spasms, or become obstructed. Functional peripheral vascular disease occurs when the structure of the blood. At Pinnacle Healthcare System in Hollywood and Pembroke Pines, Florida, the team of highly skilled cardiologists specializes in diagnosing and treating peripheral vascular disease. To schedule a consultation, call the office nearest you or book an appointment online today Peripheral vascular resistance (systemic vascular resistance, SVR) is the resistance in the circulatory system that is used to create blood pressure, the flow of blood and is also a component of cardiac function. When blood vessels constrict (vasoconstriction) this leads to an increase in SVR. When blood vessels dilate (vasodilation), this leads to a decrease in SVR

Peripheral Vascular Disease: Types, Causes, and Risk Factor

  1. Title: Peripheral Vascular System Disorders 1 Peripheral Vascular System Disorders. Metropolitan Community College ; NURS 1110; 2. Objective 1 Review the normal structure and function of the peripheral vascular system. 3 Anatomy and Physiology of the Vascular System 4 Arteries. Vessels that carry blood away from the heart toward the tissue
  2. Peripheral Vascular System and Lymphatic System Peripheral arterial disease o Peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects noncoronary vessels and refers to arteries affecting the limbs PAD is a circulatory issue in which blood flow is reduced to limbs due to narrowed arteries
  3. Vascular Cures is inviting patients and advocates to share their stories, advise on our programs, and help us advocate for patient needs. Patients as Partners is a community where patients are heard, empowered, and encouraged to impact the health system.Learn more and request more information
  4. Regional write up-Peripheral Vascular system Patient: J.L Age: 66 Y/o Gender: Male Reason for visit: pain in right calf with exertion for 6 months Any leg pain (cramps) Pain in right calf cramping in nature and tends to appear after walking for around 100 m, alleviates with rest Any skin changes or lesions in arms or legs no Any sores or lesions in the legs no Any swollen glands no What.
  5. Unformatted text preview: ACTIVE LEARNING TEMPLATE: System Disorder STUDENT NAME_____ Peripheral vascular disease DISORDER/DISEASE PROCESS_____ REVIEW MODULE CHAPTER_____ Alterations in Health (Diagnosis) Results from atherosclerosis that usually occurs i the arteries of lower extremities Pathophysiology Related to Client Problem interfere with normal blood flow

Nursing Care of Clients with Peripheral Vascular Disorders Part 1 of 3. 1. Nursing Care of Clients withPeripheral Vascular Disorders. 2. Anatomic and Physiologic Overview. 3. Adequate perfusion oxygenates and nourishes bodytissues and depends in part on a properly functioningcardiovascular system. 4 Learn about the veterinary topic of Vascular Diseases of the Peripheral Nerves and Neuromuscular Junction in Animals. Find specific details on this topic and related topics from the MSD Vet Manual The Prevention, Detection and Treatment of Diseases Affecting the Circulatory and Respiratory System References: Cardiovascular System Disorders, Parts 1 - 5 You can support Campbell Teaching for free if you use the link below to access Amazon

Types of Vascular Diseases - Vascular Cure

Vascular disease is a class of diseases of the blood vessels - the arteries and veins of the circulatory system of the body.It is a subgroup of cardiovascular disease.Disorders in this vast network of blood vessels, can cause a range of health problems which can be severe or prove fatal T cells promote increases in total peripheral vascular resistance through endothelial dysfunction (impaired vasodilation), vascular rarefaction (loss of blood vessels) and remodelling (vascular. Keywords: peripheral arterial disease, vascular medicine, amputation free survival, precision medicine, outcomes research, chronic limb threatening ischemia, disease staging system Citation: McGinigle KL, Freeman NLB, Marston WA, Farber A, Conte MS, Kosorok MR and Kalbaugh CA (2021) Precision Medicine Enables More TNM-Like Staging in Patients. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a circulation disorder that causes narrowing of blood vessels to parts of the body other than the brain and heart.; Causes of peripheral vascular disease include peripheral artery disease due to atherosclerosis, blood clots, diabetes, inflammation of the arteries, infection, injury, and structural defects of the blood vessels

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally, with significant financial burdens on critical healthcare resources [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10].Vascular diseases result from circulatory system dysfunction caused by damage, occlusion and/or inflammation of arteries and/or veins [].Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), chronic venous disease (CVD), which includes. Vascular diseases are conditions that affect the arteries or veins, which ultimately affect how blood flows through your body. At Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute, we treat: Peripheral artery disease, including critical limb ischemia. Aneurysms, occurring anywhere in the vascular system, from the brain to the feet

Lower limb peripheral vascular disease

Vascular Disease: Types & Risks - Cleveland Clini

Alterations in the immune response that result in inflammation might play a role in the pathology of dementias. In order to analyze changes of the peripheral immune system associated with different types of dementias, we determined several innate and adaptive cell populations in whole blood using flow cytometry. We included patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 60), vascular dementia (VaD. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term that describes a disease of the heart or blood vessels. 3. There are four main types of CVD. They are: • Coronary heart disease • Stroke • Peripheral arterial disease • Aortic disease Types of Cardiovascular Diseases. 4 Peripheral artery disease is insufficient tissue perfusion due to narrowing or occlusion of the aorta or one of its peripheral branches supplying the limbs. Similar to coronary artery and cerebrovascular disease, the development of an atherosclerotic plaque that narrows or completely occludes an artery is the number one cause of peripheral. Peripheral vascular diseases. arterial (PAD, LEAD) venous (CVI) lymphatics. Peripheral Vascular Disease. Arterial. Signs and symptoms. Arterial. intermittent claudication - pain. absent/diminished pulses. dry skin. shiny appearance of skin. decreased/absent hair growth. thick nails. cold to touch. purplish/dependent rubor. Venous. Signs and. Learn about the veterinary topic of Vascular Diseases of the Peripheral Nerves and Neuromuscular Junction in Animals. Find specific details on this topic and related topics from the Merck Vet Manual

Overview of the Vascular System Johns Hopkins Medicin

  1. Founded in 1989, the mission of the Society for Vascular Medicine is to promote and advance the discipline of vascular medicine and the care of patients with vascular disease by: Establishing standards for post-graduate training and stimulating the formation of vascular medicine training programs
  2. Intermittent Claudication 13% of patients over 50 have abnormal ABI - Partner's Program. Vasc Med 2001 ABI ranging from 0.5 to 0.95 Relatively few patients who present with claudication ever require revascularization to prevent limb loss. Amputation rate of 1% to 7% at 5 to 10 years Revascularizations totaled less than 20% at 10 years
  3. ation is a practical knowledge of the major named arteries and veins of the head and neck upper and lower extremities, and the abdo
  4. Peripheral artery disease (PAD), also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD), peripheral artery occlusive disease, andperipheral obliterative arteriopathy, is a form of arteriosclerosis involving occlusion of arteries, most commonly in the lower extremities
  5. Peripheral Artery Disease Pathochart (Cheat Sheet) Cardiovascular Circulation (Image) Vascular System (Image) the toes, should also be less than 3. You'll notice the nurse took off the socks - you cannot properly assess the peripheral vascular system without actually visualizing the feet - that's so important
  6. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) -- also known as peripheral vascular disease, atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries -- is a disorder that occurs in the arteries of the circulatory system. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrient-rich blood from the heart to all areas of the body
  7. The vascular system is the body's network of blood vessels. It includes the arteries, veins and lymphatics that carry blood to and from the heart. Problems of the vascular system are common and can be serious enough that life or limb may be threatened
Vascular and Endovascular Surgery - Overview - Mayo Clinic

From here on, we will use the broader term peripheral artery disease, or PAD, to describe the collective diseases that disrupt the circulatory system. PAD is a narrowing of the arteries most commonly found in the lower regions—specifically muscles in the legs, calves, thighs, hips or buttocks Peripheral Vascular Disease Assessment (Screencast) Learners use peripheral vascular assessment data to examine characteristics of these four conditions: peripheral arterial disease, deep vein thrombosis, chronic venous insufficiency, and acute arterial occlusion. A matching exercise completes the learning object Lymphatic System Disorders and Peripheral Vascular Disorders.Find a research article related to one of the following topics:1- Neoplastic blood disorders (Exp: Leukemia or Polycythemia)2- Lymphatic disorders ( Exp: Lymphomas, Lymphedema, or Castleman disease)Once you have introduced your topic, please use the following ten questions to critique your research article The peripheral vascular (PVS) examination is performed to elicit signs of peripheral vascular pathology, such as examining the blood vessels in the extremities. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a common reason for referral to vascular clinics, conditions of which include intermittent claudication and in emergency situations ischaemia of the limbs

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a nearly pandemic condition that has the potential to cause loss of limb or even loss of life. PVD manifests as insufficient tissue perfusion initiated by existing atherosclerosis acutely compounded by either emboli or thrombi. Many people live daily with significant degrees of PVD; however, in settings such. peripheral vascular disease (PVD) any disorder affecting blood flow through the veins and arteries distal to the heart. Disruption of circulation in the peripheral veins can be caused by venous stasis, hypercoagulability, or injury to the vein wall secondary to immobility, orthopedic surgery, aging, and dehydration

6/26/2009 4 Common Diseases of the Cardiovascular System • Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) - Caused by atherosclerotic plaque in arteries supplying blood to leg By: Dr. Raghuveer Vallabhaneni Aortoiliac occlusive disease is the blockage of the aorta, the main blood vessel in your body, or the iliac arteries. The iliac arteries are the branches that your aorta divides into around the level of the belly button to provide blood to your legs and the organs in your pelvis. This blockage is typically caused by a buildup of plaque within th

Examples Of Vascular System Disease

Peripheral Vascular Disease Main Content. Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a slow, progressive circulatory disorder that may impact veins, arteries, and lymph vessels. Baptist Heart Specialists. 904.720.0799. Request Appointment. It is caused by a clogged or narrowed artery or blood vessel, often due to atherosclerosis, a build-up of plaque Peripheral Balloon Angioplasty System with Integrated Embolic Protection The Vanguard IEP System represents a significant leap forward in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease. It has been specifically developed for treatment of Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), while simultaneously capturing and retrieving embolic particles that may be. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) occurs when your veins or arteries become clogged and start restricting blood flow to the rest of your body. PVD can raise your risk of problems like heart disease, heart attack and stroke. But treatment can help slow the disease and reduce the risk of complications Abstract. This paper deals with the possible identification of somatic and autonomic nerve damage in patients with peripheral obliterative arterial disease (POAD) at different stages of the disease, with a well-reproducible technique like electroneurographic evaluation of nerve conduction. In 64 patients with intermittent claudication, 19. Dr. William Julien discusses Peripheral Arterial Disease

Vascular Disease: Symptoms & Treatment The Hand Societ

Diseases that can affect the circulatory system include: 1. Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.. It is typically caused by a diet high in fat, which leaves fatty. Peripheral neuropathy refers to the many conditions that involve damage to the peripheral nervous system, the vast communication network that sends signals between the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) and all other parts of the body. Peripheral nerves send many types of sensory information to the central nervous system (CNS.

One of the most common forms of vascular disease is peripheral artery disease, or PAD. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that approximately 8 million people in the United States have PAD. Although it is easily diagnosed, PAD often goes undiagnosed until it reaches an advanced stage Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a blockage of arteries, usually in the lower extremities. This blockage, known as atherosclerosis, is due to plaque buildup comprised of cholesterol, fats, and. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) and peripheral vascular disease occur when blood vessels become narrower and the flow of blood to arms, legs, hands and feet is reduced. Cells and tissue are deprived of needed oxygen when blood flow is reduced. In extreme cases, an infected limb must be removed. Smoking is the most common preventable cause of PAD condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the blood vessels outside the heart; diseases of the peripheral as opposed to the cardiac circulation. Definition (MSH) Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a slow and progressive disorder of the blood vessels. Narrowing, blockage, or spasms in a blood vessel can cause PVD. PVD may affect any blood vessel outside of the heart. This includes the arteries, veins, or lymphatic vessels. Organs supplied by these vessels, such as the brain or legs, may not get enough.